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树莓派3-摄像头-视频软件fswebcam的安装使用

概要

  • fswebcam,这是一款小型摄像头程序。你可以直接通过Raspbian的仓库来安装
  • 官网,http://www.sanslogic.co.uk/fswebcam/

安装fswebcam

$ sudo apt-get install fswebcam

fswebcam用法

pi@raspberrypi:~ $ fswebcam --help
Usage: fswebcam [<options>] <filename> [[<options>] <filename> ... ]

 Options:

 -?, --help                   Display this help page and exit.
 -c, --config <filename>      Load configuration from file.
 -q, --quiet                  Hides all messages except for errors.
 -v, --verbose                Displays extra messages while capturing
     --version                Displays the version and exits.
 -l, --loop <seconds>         Run in loop mode.
 -b, --background             Run in the background.
 -o, --output <filename>      Output the log to a file.
 -d, --device <name>          Sets the source to use.
 -i, --input <number/name>    Selects the input to use.
 -t, --tuner <number>         Selects the tuner to use.
 -f, --frequency <number>     Selects the frequency use.
 -p, --palette <name>         Selects the palette format to use.
 -D, --delay <number>         Sets the pre-capture delay time. (seconds)
 -r, --resolution <size>      Sets the capture resolution.
     --fps <framerate>        Sets the capture frame rate.
 -F, --frames <number>        Sets the number of frames to capture.
 -S, --skip <number>          Sets the number of frames to skip.
     --dumpframe <filename>   Dump a raw frame to file.
 -s, --set <name>=<value>     Sets a control value.
     --revert                 Restores original captured image.
     --flip <direction>       Flips the image. (h, v)
     --crop <size>[,<offset>] Crop a part of the image.
     --scale <size>           Scales the image.
     --rotate <angle>         Rotates the image in right angles.
     --deinterlace            Reduces interlace artifacts.
     --invert                 Inverts the images colours.
     --greyscale              Removes colour from the image.
     --swapchannels <c1c2>    Swap channels c1 and c2.
     --no-banner              Hides the banner.
     --top-banner             Puts the banner at the top.
     --bottom-banner          Puts the banner at the bottom. (Default)
     --banner-colour <colour> Sets the banner colour. (#AARRGGBB)
     --line-colour <colour>   Sets the banner line colour.
     --text-colour <colour>   Sets the text colour.
     --font <[name][:size]>   Sets the font and/or size.
     --no-shadow              Disables the text shadow.
     --shadow                 Enables the text shadow.
     --title <text>           Sets the main title. (top left)
     --no-title               Clears the main title.
     --subtitle <text>        Sets the sub-title. (bottom left)
     --no-subtitle            Clears the sub-title.
     --timestamp <format>     Sets the timestamp format. (top right)
     --no-timestamp           Clears the timestamp.
     --gmt                    Use GMT instead of local timezone.
     --info <text>            Sets the info text. (bottom right)
     --no-info                Clears the info text.
     --underlay <PNG image>   Sets the underlay image.
     --no-underlay            Clears the underlay.
     --overlay <PNG image>    Sets the overlay image.
     --no-overlay             Clears the overlay.
     --jpeg <factor>          Outputs a JPEG image. (-1, 0 - 95)
     --png <factor>           Outputs a PNG image. (-1, 0 - 10)
     --save <filename>        Save image to file.
     --exec <command>         Execute a command and wait for it to complete.

测试使用

在终端中运行下面的命令来抓去一张来自摄像头的照片

pi@raspberrypi:~ $ fswebcam --no-banner -r 640x480 image3.jpg
--- Opening /dev/video0...
Trying source module v4l2...
/dev/video0 opened.
No input was specified, using the first.
--- Capturing frame...
Captured frame in 0.00 seconds.
--- Processing captured image...
Disabling banner.
Writing JPEG image to 'image3.jpg'.

查看效果

在界面下利用Accessories->Image Viewer可以打开image3.jpg查看效果

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